According to the conventional approach of estimating the impact of trade liberalization, a CGE model of world trade is applied. The CGE models assess the impact of policy changes on the balance structure of the economy by detailing changes in resource allocation, production and trade between sectors and the resulting overall impact on the well-being and output of the national economy. One of the strengths of the agreement is the removal of tariffs and the removal of unnecessary barriers to trade between CPTPP members. Once all parties to the CPTP have ratified the agreement and fully implemented it, 99% of tariff lines will be tariff-free and 99% of current Canadian exports to CPTPP markets, which corresponds to the model of variation in domestic demand and trade, and Canadian production will gradually adapt, with about 40% of profits in the first ten years after liberalization and 80% to the end. 10-year period. The CPTPP also serves as a cornerstone of Canada`s trade diversification strategy for Canada`s increased engagement in Asia-Pacific countries and enshrines Canada`s place in CPTPP markets. Among the high standards of the agreement are chapters focusing on labour and environmental legislation, which will aim to strengthen the rules-based international trading system and promote similar trade pacts in the future. Canada-Japan trade relations have been complex and, for the most part, very positive. Currently, Japan has a series of policies that restrict competition for Canadian agri-food companies. Japanese producers, particularly in the meat, rice and wheat sectors, enjoy domestic protection in the form of tariffs and non-tariff barriers. According to the simulations, the Japanese economy would adapt more quickly to its long-term balance than Canada; This reflects to a large extent the fact that Japan`s largest economy is experiencing less structural adjustments overall than the relatively smaller Canadian economy in response to a bilateral trade agreement.
In Canada, increased production implies a significant redistribution of resources between productive sectors (mainly to the benefit of the agricultural sector). This is not the case in Japan, which explains why 95% of production increases in the first 10-year period after liberalization. This section examines the economic impact of continued trade and investment promotion between Canada and Japan to conduct a comprehensive assessment of trade liberalization and facilitation based on a series of quantitative economic models. Note 20 As economic globalization progresses, the implementation of mutual recognition is becoming increasingly important to promote trade and facilitate a borderless trading environment. With the rapid development of information technology, the demand for MRA from industries in this area is growing. In response to these votes, Canada and Japan have entered into MNAs with other countries and regions for telecommunications equipment. In recent years, Financial Services in Canada and Japan have held several informal discussions to identify areas of the tax treaty that could be improved to reflect current business trends. In light of this exchange, a number of gratifying changes could be made to the existing Canada-Japan tax agreement, including: reduction and, in some cases, withholding tax exemption, cross-border payments; exemption from the at source tax on profits on shares held by capital firms established in the other country in order to further promote cross-border investment; including a limitation on the provision of services to discourage contract purchases; adoption of the OECD`s revised provision on the exchange of information on bank secrecy; and specific provisions to reduce double taxation on pension income and trust rights. Such changes would be consistent with the current tax policy of Canada and Japan and